Wednesday, April 22, 2015

S is for Solar Flare and Sinkhole


My theme for my 2015 A to Z Challenge came from my Disaster Crimes series. Disasters are a theme in each story, so it got me thinking about all the disasters that occur from natural disasters to manmade disasters.

Today’s disaster are...
SOLAR FLARE and SINKHOLE

Solar Flares are sudden flashes of brightness on the Sun’s surface or the Solar Limb, and are powered by the magnetic energy store in the Sun’s corona. The energy release is about a sixth of the Sun’s total energy output each second. In other terms, it’s equivalent to 160,000,000,000 megatons of TNT.

The flare ejects a cloud of electrons, ions, and atoms through the corona of the sun into space. These clouds typically reach Earth 1-2 days after the solar flare. X-Rays and UV radiation emitted by the flares can affect Earth’s ionosphere and disrupt radio communications.

Image from Pixabay

FACT: The first solar flare was observed by Richard Christopher Carrington (and independently by Richard Hodgson) in 1859.

Small solar flares can occur several times a day when the Sun is active to once a week when it’s quiet. In 2012, Earth barely missed a massive and potentially damaging solar superstorm.

FACT: There is an estimated 12% chance of another massive solar superstorm occurring between now and 2022.

Have you seen the movie Knowing with Nicolas Cage? It's an odd movie and at the end *SPOILER* the Earth is destroyed by a solar flare. 

Image from Pixabay

Sinkholes are holes in the ground caused by a collapse of the surface layer, such as from an earthquake. They can be anywhere from 1 to 600 meters long as well as deep. They can form gradually or suddenly all over the world. In the United States, Florida (especially the most central part) is known for having frequent sinkhole collapses.

Sinkholes can open up under houses and roads, swallowing cars and even burying people alive. A few years ago, I heard a report of a sinkhole opening beneath a house in Florida, right under a bedroom. At the time, a man was sleeping in bed and was lost.

FACT: For centuries, sinkholes have been used as disposal sites for waste.



QUESTION: Have you seen Knowing? Do you live in Florida? I do...and I'm in the central part. *gulps* Have you ever seen a sinkhole? I haven't and hope I never do!


P: Plague
Q: Quasar Explosion
R: Rockfall
S: Solar Flare and Sinkhole



I'm a member of Tremp's Troops!

****

I normally wouldn't do this, but Ghost of Death is OUT TODAY!!!! This is a supernatural-suspense short story of 41 pages.


Blurb: Jolie Montgomery, a twenty-one-year-old woman, wakes up in an alley next to her corpse. She has no memories of her murder or the night she died. She didn’t even see the killer’s face before he or she took her life. Wanting justice, Jolie seeks answers in the only way a ghost can...by stalking the lead detective on the case.

Avrianna Heavenborn is determined to find the person responsible for a young woman’s death. She gets closer to the killer’s identity with every clue she uncovers, and Jolie is with her every step of the way. But if they don’t solve her murder soon, Jolie will be an earth-bound spirit forever.

Book Links:
Amazon US / Amazon UK /  NOOK / KOBO

P.S. Witch of Death is available for pre-order. Click here.



126 comments:

  1. What wonderful facts, amazing stuff!

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  2. Looking at your list, I see many things to be afraid of. I used to think hurricanes and tornadoes were the worst, but at least you usually have enough warning to seek safety. A landslide and sinkhole are so unpredictable. Terrifying!
    ~Visiting from AtoZ

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    1. There are a lot of disasters that can happen. Many of them without any warning.

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  3. Could you imagine the terror of that--having your bedroom literally sink into the ground? I can't think of anything worse than being buried alive.

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    1. I've often woken up from a deep sleep because I felt my bed falling or spinning. It is scary.

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  4. Some sinkholes are massive. Scary thing to think the earth could just fall out from under you.

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  5. Congrats on your release day!

    I didn't realise solar flares were harmful. When I think of a sinkhole, I think of the one in the Simpsons movie but the reality is more like a horror movie. Very eye opening post today!

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    1. Thank you, Nick!

      A solar flare could be if it's big enough. Have you ever seen the movie "Knowing" with Nicolas Cage? A solar flare destroys Earth.

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  6. I didn't know much about these two...soooo scary.

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    1. They are scary, but interesting to learn about.

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  7. Congrats on the new short story! :)
    I am trying to imagine what it would be like to get caught in a solar superstorm. It is kind of a scary idea...

    @TarkabarkaHolgy from
    Multicolored Diary - Epics from A to Z
    MopDog - 26 Ways to Die in Medieval Hungary

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    1. Thank you so much!!!!

      I don't even want to imagine it.

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  8. Solar storms sound frightening. I almost afraid to ask what would happen if they do hit earth.

    I did some research on sinkholes for a short story and I remember that awful news piece you mention pretty well.

    Congrats on your story release! Sounds like a good one.

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    1. Have you seen the movie Knowing? The results aren't good.

      Thank you so much, Tamara!

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  9. I haven't seen the Knowing; sounds interesting though. Sink holes kind of scare me. Glad I don't live in Florida :)

    betty

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    1. Sinkholes scare me too. And I wrote about one!

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  10. Yes, write about any space related disaster. Love them.
    As for sink holes, though I've never experienced one, my nephew was friends with someone whose car was lost in a sink-hole. His friend died and it was very sad. I was barely even aware of sink holes at the time. Now, they intrigue me as much as solar flares. Such a weird thing to occur. Stay safe my friend.

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    1. I have one more that sort of has to do with space. Will...maybe two if you count a later one. ;)

      That's horrible! I am so sorry for your nephew and his friend.

      Thanks! You too.

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    2. PS - Sometimes "S" stands for spoof. (My blog entry for the day).

      Delete
  11. Sinkholes and solar flares are intriguing! The thought of a sinkhole is kind of (well, not really kind of - it really is) scary. The closest I've come to something like it was seeing a cliff eroded away and houses hanging over or toppling into the sea a few years back here in Maine. That was impressive and scary!

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    1. Sounds like rockfall that I talked about for R.

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  12. When I lived in Virginia City, NV, there was a sinkhole about a half mile down the street from me. It wasn't actually a sinkhole (which is a geological change, generally involving limestone and decreasing water tables) but a mine cave in that opened up the road and caused a detour for a while... Stay on solid ground down there in Florida

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    1. I'll try my best to stay on solid ground...the thing is, you never know if it's really solid or not.

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  13. I am truly amazed at God's creation. The sun is so unique and full of surprises! Did you ever see the video of the sink hole (not sure where?) in the middle of that ridiculously expensive car dealership? It swallowed so many cool cars.

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    1. No, I never saw that. It seems that sinkholes love to devour cars.

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  14. I HAVE seen Knowing. Truly the eeriest scene was when they figured out what 33/EE meant.

    Sinkholes are pretty scary to me.

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    1. That whole movie is pretty eerie. Or at least to me. :P

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  15. Can't even entertain the thought of either of these- I wouldn't ever come out of my house!@!!

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  16. I actually think both these phenomena are really cool. Can be scary too, but cool nonetheless.

    Good luck with the A to Z Challenge!
    A to Z Co-Host S. L. Hennessy
    http://pensuasion.blogspot.com/

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  17. I'll have to see Knowing just to add another thing to worry about.

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  18. Congrats on your new book Chrys.

    Solar flare, well sounds like something out in space and far from earth. Sincerely hope it stays that way.

    Sinkholes, Woah! Now that's terrifying.

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    1. Thank you, Keren!

      Those solar flares can get pretty close to Earth though.

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  19. Sinkholes freak me out. It is unnerving to think sinkholes can swallow us up whole. I can't help but wonder why is the earth collapsing beneath our feet. Its very scary.

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  20. I've seen smaller sinkholes in our city (we're on the San Andreas fault area in British Columbia). That's sometimes due to rain undermining roadways beneath the surface. We get mudslides too from unstable mountain areas. You knew that some areas of Paris have experienced sinkholes and collapse into the Catacombs below didn't you? Whole sets of houses would get swallowed even back a few hundred years or so, after they had mined beneath the city. They coped by shoring up the catacomb areas beneath and monitor them now.

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    1. Congrats on your new release, sounds interesting!

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    2. I didn't know Paris had experienced sinkholes and collapsed into the Catacombs. Wow!

      Thank you so much, D.G.!

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  21. I remember seeing the one with the guy in his bed on TV. That was heart breaking and scary. I never saw the Cage movie...I think I will pass. :)

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    1. I would've have passed watching that movie too if I knew what it was really about.

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  22. Ghost of Death sounds awesome.

    Um sinkholes scare me at the mention of its name.

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  23. There's a lot of limestone in PA so we have sinkholes though not the huge ones like Florida. They cause road damage and some houses and water main breaks, it's a mess.

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  24. I posted a tweet about your book being out today.

    I saw a picture of a sinkhole that happen on (under?) a causeway. The river continued to flow and you saw the vehicle come out one of the sides. Scary!

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    1. Thank you so much, LuAnn!!!! I appreciate the tweet. :)

      That does sound scary.

      Delete
  25. I've never seen a sinkhole. They sound scary!

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  26. As you know, because of where I live, we have to be ever watchful for sink holes! The lake I live on was one before it formed into a lake! Going to check out that ghost! Lisa, co-host AtoZ 2015, @ http://www.lisabuiecollard.com

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    1. It turned into a lake? That's neat!

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  27. Sink holes are scary and I remember that man being killed while sleeping. I have seen that movie-depressing. Congrats to the new short story being out!!

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    1. That movie is depressing. I don't like watching it.

      Thank you, Birgit! :D

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  28. Got it! Lisa, co-host AtoZ 2015, @ http://www.lisabuiecollard.com

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  29. This is amazing to read, thank you for all the homework you must put in to bring us wonderful posts each day.
    Yvonne.

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    1. It sure was a lot of homework. But I enjoyed it. :)

      Delete
  30. Sinkholes sound really scary. I can imagine my ex, who's already terrified of life and remote worst-case scenarios, becoming even more paranoid and OCD if he knew about sinkholes or suspected they were in his area.

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    1. Gosh, could you imagine him reading my posts for those Challenge? Tee-hee. That's a funny image. ;)

      Delete
  31. I haven't seen a sinkhole, but that's really terrifying...the idea that one could open underneath your house at any time. Spooky!

    Figures humans respond by filling them with garbage. :/

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    1. It's the "at any time" thing that gets me.

      We're not smart, are we?

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  32. You're blowing my mind, Chrys!! :) I remember hearing about the sink hole in Florida where the man died. I can't think of a worse death. In fact as a child, I had a recurring nightmare that i fell into large holes in the earth. I didn't know what a sink hole was but now that I see that image, it's kind of similar. CREEPY! I haven't seen the movie you refer to. Solar flares are fascinating and scary!

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    1. Woot! Woot! ;)

      I wrote about a sinkhole and the whole time I had a sinking feeling of dread in the pit of my stomach. Not fun.

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  33. Gulp, hope I never deal with a sink hole or a solar flare on earth. Good luck with the book....I added it to my books to read, and short sounds good right now!
    Inventions by Women A-Z
    Shells–Tales–Sails

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    1. Thank you, Sharon! If you read it, I hope you enjoy it. :)

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  34. Hopefully no sink hole never opens up near me. At least solar flares can send us back in time, right? lol

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    1. But I'm not sure I want to go back in time. lol

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  35. Sink holes are scary. I've never seen one in person, but I've seen many pictures of them. I'd hate to be near one when it sinks!

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    1. So would I. I get shivers just thinking about it.

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  36. Solar flares are fascinating! Not so much when they threaten earth...Had a couple minor sinkholes here; typically from underground water breaks, etc. But in cases of building/paving over burial sites and former dumps, it seems bound to happen sooner or later - never a good thing.
    Congratulations on Ghost of Death! :-)

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    1. We're so stupid for building over burial sites.

      Thank you, Diedre! :D

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  37. I did see Knowing and I agree, it was a weird movie.

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  38. I have not seen Knowing, but that ending sounds like one of the weirder Nicholas Cage movies :) I've only seen a little sink hole, it opened up in our garden and it was only a foot or so across and a few deep - it was due to the fact that where our house was had once been a slope and the whole place had been landscaped, but in that one place, the earth decided not to stay.
    Sophie
    Sophie's Thoughts & Fumbles
    FB3X
    Wittegen Press

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    1. It certainly is one of the weirder ones he's done.

      That's interesting. At least it was small and not so deep.

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  39. I remember that sinkhole where a man died. It completely freaked me out, utterly terrifying.

    Congrats on the new book, wish you much success.

    Nilanjana

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    1. Freaked me out too.

      Thank you so much, Nilanjana!

      Delete
  40. I haven't seen Knowing, but the ending sounds right up my street :-)

    Annalisa, writing A-Z vignettes, at Wake Up, Eat, Write, Sleep

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  41. Congratulations on your new book. A gorgeous cover.
    I haven't seen a solar flare or a sink hole. I have seen pictures of sink holes on TV though. Wouldn't want to be in either.

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    1. Thank you, Beverly! :D

      The pictures can be really terrifying.

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  42. Sinkholes are terrifying. They freak me out. Especially the ones where it's in the middle of a busy street.

    Solar flares have made the news the last few years, especially when they mess with our satellites and communications. A big enough solar flare will pretty much extinguish all life on this planet. A sobering thought.

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    1. I have heard about a lot of solar flares in the past years. Seems like they are getting bigger and closer.

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  43. Between this and Holli's post on serial killers, I think the world maybe really is a scary place! Oh my!
    I liked that movie, Knowing, mainly because (if I remember it right?) everyone had the chance to say goodbye to their loved ones. Maybe that's the good point in knowing things like that?
    Still...shudder!

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    1. The world is a scary place. But it can be beautiful too. :)

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  44. I'd be more worried about sinkholes than solar flares. They seem to show up a lot more often!

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    1. Sinkholes are a more immediate danger.

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  45. I have only seen a sinkhole once and it was fairly small. It was just outside the fence at work and was knee high in depth and about 3 feet in diameter. We had it filled in and haven't seen one since.

    Sean at His and Her Hobbies

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  46. Last year, after winter, there was a little sink hole by the Kmart parking lot. It wasn't something you wanted to drive over because it was a few feet deep and wide, but compared to your pictures, it was small.

    ~Patricia Lynne aka Patricia Josephine~
    Member of C. Lee's Muffin Commando Squad
    Story Dam
    Patricia Lynne, Indie Author

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    1. Seems that small sinkholes are pretty common.

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  47. No, I haven't seen the movie and I don't live in FL. I have friends on the coast. That state is on my list to possibly move to, if I sell my house.

    I think when they build houses and don't compact the soil properly that a sink hole can happen too. Or if they bring in lot of fill dirt and the area isn't stable and eventually gives way. I live in the desert so we rarely have anything like that here, too many rocks everywhere I guess. But a small area of the street did collapse one time and they had it blocked off until they could fix it. It was nothing major though and probably only about 2-3 feet deep.

    Sunni
    http://sunni-survivinglife.blogspot.com/

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    1. Your theory could be correct, Sunni.

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  48. I've heard of sink holes but never experienced them personally, thank god.

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  49. I'm just fascinated by sinkholes. Especially when they just happen. The Earth opening and sucking people and things up? Now that's scary.

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    1. Not a good way to go, that's for sure.

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  50. My boyfriend pays serious attention to the sun's activity on Space Weather. I wrote a novel based on the Carrington Solar Event and am fascinated by the Sun's power ever day. As for sinkholes, I've never seen one, but the book The Lovely Bones really plays on that idea. Creepy. It's a great book, though.

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    1. Your novel doesn't interesting.

      Really? I have The Lovely Bones but never read it.

      Delete
    2. Lovely Bones was also made into a good movie by Peter LOTR Jackson and the sinkhole is central. I have been researching solar flares for a set of shorts set after a Carrington event, in which Earth's infrastructure is devastated but there are survivors - a more likely scenario than instant destruction. What's your book called, Shell? Will try and find it.

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    3. Yes, but I haven't seen the movie either. :\

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  51. I think I saw Knowing. I'm not sure, though. Seems like something that was forgettable, so I did.

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    1. I'm not sure how someone could forget watching those crazy weird scenes.

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  52. I've never seen a sinkhole and they do scare me. A collapse in the surface layer? I wonder what causes this phenomena--why it would happen to begin with?

    I like the sound of Ghost of Death! Thanks for sharing. :)

    Elizabeth Mueller
    AtoZ 2015
    My Little Pony

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    1. I don't know. Earthquakes move rocks and plates...maybe things shift or get weak. It's a mystery.

      Thank you, Elizabeth! :)

      Delete
  53. I've seen Knowing, and I really didn't enjoy it, it was a weird film! Sinkhole really creep me out - I hope I never see one!

    Rachel Pattinson
    Rachel's Ramblings - Full of writing, tea and cake

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  54. I've seen a bit of Knowing, but did not make it very far through. We had a sink hole open in one of our motorways not far from here when we had all the rain last year.
    Tasha
    Tasha's Thinkings | Wittegen Press | FB3X (AC)
    P.S. your book sounds right up my alley - trots off the Amazon.

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    1. Knowing is a strange movie.

      Thank you so much, Natasha! I hope you enjoy it! :)

      Delete
  55. the fear of being caught in either one of these gives me the gebbies.

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  56. I have seen sinkholes featured on the news (and on an episode of Grey's Anatomy, I think). It's terrifying.

    Congratulations on the release of Ghost of Death, Chrys! The synopsis sounds good, really good.

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    1. Oh, yes! I remember that Grey's Anatomy episode. It was really good.

      Thank you so much, Claudine! :D

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  57. Hi Chrys .. I was fascinated by the solar flare information - it's so good to know more .. while sinkholes horrify me .. and they do just appear -we get them here too .. cheers HIlary

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    1. I love learning about space and the other planets in our solar system. :)

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  58. Congrats on the short story!

    I'm quite scared of sinkholes. We have some in our area (Virginia), and I do worry one day one might open up on our land.

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  59. Wow ! I didn't know about these before. :) It's shocking to see how every part of the world has new disasters to face. Thanks for sharing.

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    1. There are more disasters than we usually care to think about.

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  60. I just watched the movie "The Knowing" starring Nicholas Cage last weekend. And after knowing we just missed one in 2012 makes me sigh in relief. Hope we keep on missing those solar flare storms.

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  61. Those solar flares are pretty frightening. I didn't know about the one in 2012 or if I did, I had forgotten, conveniently.

    I hope you never get to see a sinkhole either. We see them reported on the news.

    Book sounds good

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